Macaroni penguins live in the Sub Antarctic. They will come to rocky coastal shores to breed and moult during the spring and summer months.
Various fish species including marbled rockcod and lanternfish. They are also known to eat crustaceans, squid and krill. Antarctic krill account for around 90% of food during breeding season.
Macaronis spend most of their life out at sea and only come on land to breed and moult. They are monogamous and each breeding season they will find their partner and create their own nesting ground.
Macaroni penguins head to rocky shores around the sub-Antarctic region. Chile and the Falkland islands are common places for their breeding grounds. They will nest in large colonies along the rocky coasts. Each pair will lay two eggs. The first is a small, usually infertile egg that is kicked from the nest a few days after it is laid. The second is larger, and looked after by both parents for 30-40 days until the egg hatches. They will have one chick per pair each year.
The main threats to macaroni penguins are lack of food due to overfishing, climate change and pollution.
- Latin Name: Eudyptes chrysolophus
- Class: Birds
- Conservation Status: Vulnerable
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