Prefer inshore waters off the coast of South Africa, rarely found more than 15km offshore.
Forage over kelp beds for small shoaling fish, crustaceans and cephalopods, especially Cape rock lobster and pelagic goby.
Adults are highly sedentary and they are primarily a solitary inshore forager. Little is known of their foraging depth but these birds may dive as deep as 28 m for an average of 49 seconds.
Breeding may occur at any time of the year from the age of 2-3 years old. Males perform displays to attract females by bowing their head backwards until it touches their back and then sweeps it forward and back repeatedly, accompanied by a loud call. Nest in colonies of up to 100 pairs.
Main threats include loss of habitat due to development, lack of food due to overfishing and marine pollution.
Classed as endangered. Only 3,000 breeding pairs left in the wild. Living Coasts are the only zoo outside of Africa to have these birds.
- Latin Name: Phalacrocorax neglectus
- Class: Birds
- IUCN status: Endangered
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